The Collection

CATALOG OF PIANOS, ORGANS, AND OTHER MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS Jan 2016

Music is transcendental. It moves us, transforms us, and leads us down a spiritual path. It also uplifts and makes us whole. Music is what differentiates humans from all other species; it is the thing that gives language to our souls.

The piano came along relatively late in the historical lineage of musical instruments. It derives its existence primarily from the third century BC pipe organ, the thirteenth-century clavichord and the fourteenth-century harpsichord, all being keyboard instruments. Bartolomeo Cristofori (1655–1731) is credited with this invention, and he was the instrument builder for the Medici family of Florence, Italy. Recently discovered in the Medici family archives is a household inventory dating from 1700, which recorded, “Arpicembalo di nuova invention che fa’il piano e il forte” (“A harpsichord of new invention which plays soft and loud”). —Giuliana Montanari, “Bartolomeo Christofori, A List and Historical Survey of His Instruments 1700.”

From that humble beginning, Cristofori’s idea traveled to Germany by 1711 to the hands of Gottfried Silbermann, the pipe organ builder most associated with Johann Sebastian Bach. The instrument continued from Germany to France and England with innovations added to its design. By the early nineteenth century, the American builders were refining it, so by the end of that century, we have most all the workings of a modern piano, completing today’s version of the instrument.

When I was about ten years old, my interest in history was sparked and about the same time I began making music on our family’s Julius Bauer upright piano. This spark was propelled by an interest in mechanics, which has now turned into a life’s work of tuning, repairing, and restoring pianos and reed organs. Through this entire time, I have actively sought old and interesting keyboard instruments. This collection is the culmination of forty- five years of living this passion.

This booklet has three objectives:

  1. To compile a detailed catalog of a significant portion of the collection with history/provenance. I enjoy doing the detective work; discovering the story of each instrument. I hope that effort is reflected in this work.
  2. I have had throughout the years, a number of exhibition visitors request additional information about the other pianos and organs in the collection. I have a desire to make copies of this booklet available to the public.
  3. The other objective, and most important, is to give some assurance to the future of these instruments. As it is with personal collections, eventually they outlive their owner/custodian, hopefully to be passed to another person or institution. Having good provenance of these instruments will help to ensure their future.

This catalog is divided into eleven categories. Even with this number of classifications, it is difficult to place instruments in their proper sections, as many of them could be listed in multiple places.

One of the most important sources of information regarding pianos built before 1860 is this website: earlypianos.org. This database of more than 7,500 pianos, 1700–1860 was initiated in 1987 by musicologist Martha Novak Clinkscale (1933–2010) and published in two volumes. About 35 of my pianos fit the criteria of being built before 1860 and might possibly be the largest personal collection recorded on this website. Please see earlypianos.org for additional details regarding those instruments.

Another useful site is the database from the Reed Organ Society website at reedsoc.org. This nonprofit, international organization provides details about reed organs and manufacturing companies. I have not yet registered my reed organs on this site, but plan to do so at a future date.

CATALOG OF PIANOS, ORGANS, AND OTHER MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS Jan 2016

Contents

Introduction …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..7

Prologue …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………9

Pianos …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 11

GEORGE ASTOR, square piano #3358, circa 1810, London……………………………………………………………………… 11

Attributed to GEORGE ASTOR, upright piano #2314(?), circa 1820, London……………………………………………… 12

JOHN BLAND, square piano, circa 1790, London …………………………………………………………………………………… 13

BLUTHNER, grand piano #26082, circa 1875, Leipzig, Germany ………………………………………………………………. 15

JOHN BROADWOOD, square piano #299, 1784, London ………………………………………………………………………… 17

JOHN BROADWOOD, grand piano #3360, 1806, London………………………………………………………………………… 19

JOHN BROADWOOD, square piano #39116, 1830, London …………………………………………………………………….. 25

JOHN BROADWOOD, grand piano #772, 1852, London………………………………………………………………………….. 27

JOHN BROADWOOD, grand piano #18103, 1852, London………………………………………………………………………. 28

JOHN BROADWOOD, grand piano #9275, 1877, London………………………………………………………………………… 31

JOHN BROADWOOD, upright piano #52672, 1879, London ……………………………………………………………………. 35

CHICKERING, square piano #1467, 1833, Boston…………………………………………………………………………………… 36

CHICKERING, square piano #6381, 1844, Boston…………………………………………………………………………………… 38

CHICKERING, square piano #9558, 1849, Boston…………………………………………………………………………………… 40

CHICKERING, square piano #10298, 1850, Boston…………………………………………………………………………………. 44

CHICKERING, square piano #14467, circa 1852, Boston …………………………………………………………………………. 45

CHICKERING, square piano #19195, 1857, Boston…………………………………………………………………………………. 45

CHICKERING, upright piano #69391, 1885, Boston………………………………………………………………………………… 46

CHICKERING, upright piano #71542, 1885, Boston………………………………………………………………………………… 46

CHICKERING, upright piano #112054, 1908, Boston………………………………………………………………………………. 46

MUZIO CLEMENTI, square piano #5503, 1807, London………………………………………………………………………….. 47

COLLARD & COLLARD, grand piano #5609, additional #554, circa 1853, London ………………………………………. 50

JACOB DOLL, Grand a la Pompadour upright piano #34116, 1900, New York …………………………………………… 51

ERARD, grand piano #19026, 1875, London …………………………………………………………………………………………. 52

GAVEAU PARIS, upright piano #5794, circa 1868…………………………………………………………………………………… 53

GEIB & WALKER, square piano #6714, cabinet #246, circa 1840, New York ……………………………………………… 54

Attributed to TIMOTHY GILBERT, Cocked Hat Grand #3038, 1860, Boston……………………………………………….. 56

HALLET & CUMSTON, square grand #7230, Boston……………………………………………………………………………….. 57

HALLET & DAVIS, grand piano #7545, 1855, Boston ………………………………………………………………………………. 57 HAMPTON, small table piano #3-247, circa 1940? ………………………………………………………………………………… 58 HEITZMANN, upright transposing piano, #18313, 1901, Toronto, Canada ……………………………………………….. 59

HICKS & SON, upright piano #56263 (on keys 1 & 2), London(?)……………………………………………………………… 60

FRANZ HÖDL, grand piano #922, circa 1875, Vienna ……………………………………………………………………………… 61

J & J HOPKINSON, upright piano #44803, circa 1890, London…………………………………………………………………. 63

KIMBALL, upright piano, with Pianocorder mechanism, #10579, 1890, Chicago ……………………………………….. 64

JACOB KIRKMAN, square piano #529, circa 1840, London ……………………………………………………………………… 64

KNABE, concert grand piano #10922, 1927, Baltimore, Maryland …………………………………………………………… 65

LONGMAN & BRODERIP, Musical Instrument Makers, square piano,#4180, London…………………………………. 66

LOUD BROTHERS, square piano #1176, circa 1830, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania ………………………………………… 68

MASON & HAMLIN, upright piano #2280, Boston …………………………………………………………………………………. 70

MATHUSHEK, square piano #4644, 1870, New Haven, Connecticut ………………………………………………………… 71

MATHUSHEK, square piano #1376, circa 1900, New Haven, Connecticut…………………………………………………. 72

HENRY F. MILLER, concert grand piano #19837, 1890, Boston………………………………………………………………… 74

HENRY F. MILLER, upright pedal piano #27883, 1898, Boston ………………………………………………………………… 74

PLEYEL?, grand piano, circa 1825 ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 76

PLEYEL, grand piano #22047, 1856, Paris……………………………………………………………………………………………… 79

PLEYEL, grand piano #66073, 1877, Paris……………………………………………………………………………………………… 81

RADECKER & LUNAU, square piano #3035, circa 1845, Lubeck, Germany ………………………………………………… 83

RINALDI, upright piano #1943, 1850(?), Paris ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 84

ERNST ROSENCRANTZ, grand piano #6161, 1862, Dresden, Germany……………………………………………………… 85

SEMPLE, small table piano, circa 1875(?), Glasgow, Scotland …………………………………………………………………. 86

B. SQUIRE & SON, upright piano #23203, circa 1860, London…………………………………………………………………. 87

ANDRE STEIN, square piano, circa 1820, Vienna, Austria ……………………………………………………………………….. 88

STEINGRAEBER, upright piano #1529, 1865, Bayreuth, Bavaria ………………………………………………………………. 89

STEINWAY, square piano #1027, 1856, New York …………………………………………………………………………………. 90

STEINWAY, square piano #5011, 1861, New York …………………………………………………………………………………. 90

STEINWAY, grand piano #9395, 1864, New York …………………………………………………………………………………… 91

STEINWAY, square piano #16620, 1867, New York ……………………………………………………………………………….. 92

STEINWAY, square piano #20030, 1870, New York ……………………………………………………………………………….. 92

STEINWAY, square piano #20541, 1870, New York ……………………………………………………………………………….. 93

STEINWAY, upright piano #59475, 1887, New York……………………………………………………………………………….. 93

STEINWAY, upright piano #73854, 1892, New York……………………………………………………………………………….. 93

STEINWAY, upright piano #77218, 1893, New York……………………………………………………………………………….. 94

STRICH & ZEIDLER, upright piano #2763, 1898(?), New York ………………………………………………………………….. 94

THOMAS TOMKISON, upright piano #893, London ……………………………………………………………………………….. 96

Unknown maker, square piano, circa 1780, Germany(?)………………………………………………………………………… 97

GEORGE WATTS, cabinet upright piano, circa 1830, London ………………………………………………………………….. 98

WILKINS & NEWHALL, square piano #691, 1845, Boston ……………………………………………………………………… 101

WOODWARD & BROWN, square piano #2922, 1849, Boston ……………………………………………………………….. 103

 

Organs ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 105

A. ALEXANDRE, transposing reed organ, circa 1860, Paris ……………………………………………………………………. 105

BALLON & CURTIS, fold-up melodeon, #433, Concord, New Hampshire ………………………………………………… 106

BARTLETT, reed organ, Deerfield, New Hampshire ……………………………………………………………………………… 107

BECKWITH, reed organ, Chicago ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 107

CESARINI & CIE, reed organ, Paris……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 108

DE BAIN, fold-up reed organ, circa 1845…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 110

ESTEY, reed organ, piano style #370970, Brattleboro, Vermont ……………………………………………………………. 112

ESTEY, church organ, model “T” #437710, circa 1920, Brattleboro, Vermont …………………………………………. 113

MASON & HAMLIN, melodeon #243 (6 or 0), circa 1860, Boston ………………………………………………………….. 114

MASON & HAMLIN, melodeon #2435, circa 1860, Boston ……………………………………………………………………. 115

MASON & HAMLIN, melodeon #145, circa 1854(?), Boston………………………………………………………………….. 116

MASON & HAMLIN, reed organ, handwritten date of 1864, Boston………………………………………………………. 116

MASON & HAMLIN, reed organ #88595, Style 219, 1888, Boston …………………………………………………………. 117

PAGE POTTER & COMPANY, melodeon #5099, circa 1860, Ansonia, Connecticut……………………………………. 117

SCHONINGER, reed organ, circa 1875, New Haven, Connecticut …………………………………………………………… 118

S. D. & H. W. SMITH, double keyboard melodeon #2048, 1857, Boston…………………………………………………. 118

Unknown maker, cabinet pipe organ, circa 1575 ………………………………………………………………………………… 120

Unknown makers, three melodeons, fold up, circa 1860 ……………………………………………………………………… 128

Music Boxes, Et Cetera………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 129

GEM, roller organ, 1907 …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 129

GEM, three other roller organs …………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 130

Autophone organette, circa 1885 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 130

Ariston organette ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 131

Miscellaneous organettes, late 19th century………………………………………………………………………………………. 132

Metronomes…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 132

CRITERION, disc music box, circa 1895 ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 133

Unknown maker, cylinder music box …………………………………………………………………………………………………. 133

Unknown maker, two cylinder music boxes ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 134

HICKS, cylinder pipe organ, circa 1875, London…………………………………………………………………………………… 134

Paper roll music for various roller organs …………………………………………………………………………………………… 134

JNO HICKS, Automatron, London ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 135

MUNROE, paper roll music box/New Home sewing machine roller organ ……………………………………………… 136

Unknown maker, bird cage ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 136

Swiss music box, circa 1890 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 137

Miscellaneous, roller organs …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 137

Automatic Musical Instruments……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 138

AEOLIAN ORCHESTRELLE, Style V #5008, circa 1907, New York …………………………………………………………….. 138

COINOLA, orchestrion, Style “K”?, circa 1920, Chicago ………………………………………………………………………… 141

GEORGE STECK, reproducing grand piano #65387, 1921, New York ………………………………………………………. 141

KNABE, reproducing grand piano #87116, 1919, Baltimore, Maryland…………………………………………………… 141

Ampico and Duo Art reproducing rolls……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 142

RAUDENBUSH, player piano #22803, 1916, Saint Paul, Minnesota………………………………………………………… 142

WILCOX & WHITE, Angelus, Pushup Player/Reed Organ #2431, 1901, Meridian, Connecticut ………………….. 142

PIANOLA, push up player #4316, New York ………………………………………………………………………………………… 144

MELVILLE CLARK, Apollo push up player, Chicago, Illinois …………………………………………………………………….. 145

Attributed to ALESANDRO CAPRA, cylinder piano, circa 1890, New York(?) ……………………………………………. 147

G CAPRA & QUAGLIA, cylinder piano …………………………………………………………………………………………………. 149

Unknown maker, cylinder piano ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 151

Unknown maker, cylinder organ ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 151

Unknown maker, cylinder pipe organ ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 151

Unknown maker, street organ ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 152

Miscellaneous Instruments ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 153

ERARD, harp #497, 1815, Paris………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 153

LINDEMAN, harp #221, circa 1910, Chicago, Illinois …………………………………………………………………………….. 157

JAMES MACKENZIE, hammer dulcimer, piano harps, circa 1875……………………………………………………………. 158

ABBOTT, harpsichord ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 164

ZUCKERMAN, harpsichord, circa 1977 ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 165

DUSTY STRINGS, hammer dulcimer, model 300N, #12374, Seattle, Washington …………………………………….. 165

Unknown maker, hammer dulcimer, circa 1875………………………………………………………………………………….. 166

SANTORE, dulcimer, Pakistan(?) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 166

WURLITZER, toy grand piano, circa 1930(?)………………………………………………………………………………………… 167

E. D. BOOTMAN, tuning device, circa 1864, Edmeston, Otsego County, New York ………………………………….. 167

VIRGIL, practice clavier #1180, April 28, 1892 …………………………………………………………………………………….. 170

VIRGIL, practice clavier #6568…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 171

DEARBORN & BARTLETT, reed organ, 1845 ………………………………………………………………………………………… 171

A. PRESCOTT, lap organ, Concord, New Hampshire……………………………………………………………………………… 172

S. B. BARTLETT, lap organs ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 172

Clavichord………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 172

Clavichord, homemade ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 173

Unknown maker (MUSTEL?), celeste …………………………………………………………………………………………………. 173

Set of wood stopped flute organ pipes ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 173

Ranks of organ pipes ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 174

Piano Stools and Benches ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 175

Claw foot piano chair ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 175

Rectangle top stool …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 175

Square top stool ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 175

Claw foot bench ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 175

Claw foot bench ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 175

Toy and Miniature Instruments ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 176

Toy upright piano, circa 1900……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 176

Toy grand piano………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 177

Old Music and Advertising …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 178

Six antiphonal pages, 14th–16th century……………………………………………………………………………………………. 178

Printed music leaves………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 181

Four-drawer, file cabinet of piano manufacturer advertising materials, 1880–1980………………………………… 181

Piano music, 1825–1900 ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 182

Copper printing plates, and copies of the Catholic Mass in the Dakota language. …………………………………… 183

Band and Orchestra Instruments ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 184 Clarinet, circa 1800………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 184

Flute, circa 1800 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 184

Lute, circa 1910 ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 184

Two accordions ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 185

Accordion ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 185

Three concertinas……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 185

Two wooden boxes of string instruments…………………………………………………………………………………………… 185

Large box of antique brass instruments……………………………………………………………………………………………… 186

GEIB, Civil War drum ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 186

Civil War confederate bugle……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 187

About 150 orchestra instruments ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 188

Phonographs ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 190

Ten phonographs, with cylinder records ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 190

Four phonographs, with flat records………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 192

About 25 large phonograph horns …………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 194

Piano Rolls and Music Box Discs……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 195

About 1,000 player piano rolls and a box of discs for a music box …………………………………………………………. 195

History of the Piano…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 196